Research is demonstrating the important role of diet and nutrition in modulating the gut microbiome and gut bacteria.
Diet is considered one of the most important and potentially modifiable determinants of the composition and function of the microbiome. For example, recent studies exploring the associations between nutrition and the gut microbiome is revealing the importance of the gut microbiome in modulating the benefits of a healthy diet.
Explore the research articles listed below to learn more about these insights and uncover further links between the gut microbiome and diet.
A low-gluten, high-fiber diet may be healthier than gluten-free
Mediterranean diet increases 'good' gut bacteria
Variance in gut microbiome in Himalayan populations linked to dietary lifestyle
High-fiber diet shifts gut microbes, lowering blood sugar in diabetics
Walnuts impact gut microbiome and improve health
High-fiber diet keeps gut microbes from eating the colon's lining, protects against infection, animal study shows
In defense of fiber: how changing your diet changes your gut bacteria
Food as medicine: your brain really does want you to eat more veggies
Hunter-gatherers' seasonal gut-microbe diversity loss echoes our permanent one
Low-fiber diet may cause irreversible depletion of gut bacteria over generations
David, L. A. et al.
Diet rapidly and reproducibly alters the human gut microbiome..
Nature 505: 559-563. (2013). Doi: 10.1038/nature12820
Desai, M. S. et al.
A dietary fiber-deprived gut microbiota degrades the colonic mucus barrier and enhances pathogen susceptibility.
Cell 167(5): 1339-1353. (2016). Doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2016.10.043
Garcia-Mantrana, I., Selma-Royo, M., Alcantara, C., & Collado, M. C.
Shifts on gut microbiota associated to Mediterranean diet adherence and specific dietary intakes on general adult population.
Frontiers in Microbiology 9, 890 (2018). Doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.00890
Graf, D. et al.
Contribution of diet to the composition of the human gut microbiota.
Microb. Ecol. Health Dis. 26, 26164 (2015). Doi: 10.3402/mehd.v26.26164
Makki K., Deehan E.C., Walter J. and Bäckhed F.
The impact of dietary fiber on gut microbiota in host health and disease.
Cell Host Microbe 23(6): 705-715. (2018). Doi: 10.1016/j.chom.2018.05.012
Singh, R. K. et al.
Influence of diet on the gut microbiome and implications for human health.
J. Transl. Med. 15, 73 (2017). Doi: 10.1186/s12967-017-1175-y
Tindall A.M., Petersen K.S., and Kris-Etherton, P.M.
Dietary patterns affect the gut microbiome-the link to risk of cardiometabolic diseases.
The Journal of Nutrition 148(9): 1402-1407. (2018). Doi: 10.1093/jn/nxy141
Valdes, A. M., Walter, J., Segal, E., & Spector, T. D.
Role of the gut microbiota in nutrition and health.
BMJ (Clinical research ed.) 361(S1): 36-44. (2018). Doi: 10.1136/bmj.k2179
Xu, Z. & Knight, R.
Dietary effects on human gut microbiome diversity.
The British Journal of Nutrition 113(S1): S1-S5. (2015). Doi: 10.1017/S0007114514004127
Yadav. M., Verma, M.K. and Chauhan, N.S.
A review of metabolic potential of human gut microbiome in human nutrition.
Archives of Microbiology 200(2): 203-217. (2018). Doi: 10.1007/s00203-017-1459-x